Archive

Newspapers

The New-York Colonization Journal was the official organ of the New York State Colonization Society. John Brooke Pinney, missionary and former governor of the colony of Liberia, served as editor beginning in December 1850. The paper included some original content in addition to lengthy excerpts from contemporary publications. Reprinted material from rare newspapers, such as the Liberia Advocate and Liberia Herald, makes this journal a valuable source of information on a variety of topics.

Issues from Dec. 1850 through Dec. 1851 are available here.

Issues from Jan. 1852 through Dec. 1853 are available here.

Issues from Jan. 1854 through Nov. 1855 are available here.

Issues from Jan. 1856 through Dec. 1857 are available here.

Issues from Jan. 1858 through Dec. 1859 are available here.

Issues from Jan. 1860 through Dec. 1861 are available here.

Issues from Jan. 1862 through Dec. 1863 are available here.

Source: Rare Book Division, New York Public Library (microfilm)

Established in 1826, the Liberia Herald was the first newspaper published in the colony of Liberia. John Russwurm, who had co-edited the path-breaking Freedom’s Journal in New York City, served as the primary editor of the Herald beginning in 1830. Influential Pan-Africanist Edward Blyden worked as a journalist and editor at the paper during the 1850s. Despite its deep significance for the histories of both Africa and America, complete runs of the Herald are difficult to find. Scattered issues published between 1842 and 1857 are available here.

Source: Maryland State Colonization Society Papers, MS 571, Maryland Historical Society (Baltimore, MD)

Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst gave a speech entitled “Why We Are Militant” in New York City in October 1913. A foundational document of the women’s rights movement, it seems especially pertinent in light of recent events in Ferguson, Baltimore, and elsewhere. When “all other available means” fail, Pankhurst argued, violence may be the only way “to secure justice.” Truncated or edited versions of her speech appear in various places online. It is now available in its original, unabridged format here.

Source: The Suffragette, November 14 and 21, 1913

The Union Missionary is the successor journal to the Union Missionary Herald, which was posted in full on this site last year. The paper was the official organ of the Union Missionary Society, the predecessor of the American Missionary Association, and ran from May 1844 through September 1846. It carried news, correspondence, and other information connecting the United States of America to locations in Africa, Europe, Latin America, Asia, and other parts of the world. It is now available online, for the first time, here.

Source: Rare and Manuscript Collections, Carl A. Kroch Library, Cornell University (Ithaca, NY)

The Weekly Anglo-African was the newspaper counterpart to the monthly Anglo-African Magazine. Published in New York between 1859 and 1865, it carried news and reviews about civil rights, education, politics, slavery, and other issues related to the American Civil War. It serialized novels by black authors, including William Wells Brown’s Clotel, or The President’s Daughter and Martin R. Delany’s Blake, or the Huts of America, now considered literary classics. It even inspired a spinoff newspaper, the Anglo-African, published by Robert Campbell in what is now Lagos, Nigeria, beginning in 1863.

Issues from July 1859 through July 1860 are available here.

Issues from April 1861 through April 1862 are available here.

Issues of the Lagos Anglo-African from June 1863 through December 1865 are available here.

Source: Boston Athenaeum (Boston, MA) and British Museum (London, UK)